The Cold War

At Stevns, ships or aeroplanes from Poland and East Germany would often violate Danish airspace or territorial waters around Stevns. Similarly, Danish ships and aeroplanes went very close to Poland and East Germany. The contrasts between the East and the West were evident very close-up almost every single day. Read more

In service

Thousands of Danish men and women sat on alert every day, ready for war as a part of the military or civilian defence during The cold War. Close to one million Danish men did their military service from 1945 to 1991. Read more

The defence of Denmark

During The Cold War, the Danish armed forces faced an enormous enemy – the Warsaw Pact in the East. As a consequence, the strongest military defence in Denmark's history was established as a part of NATO. Read more

The defence of Stevns

In NATO's plans, the main battle about Denmark was to take place in Northern Germany. However, part of the army was to defend Zealand against an invasion from the East. The aim was to gain time until NATO could come to the rescue. Read more

The Cold War at Stevns

Stevns' strategically important position during The Cold War meant that a number of military facilities were constructed in the area. Read more

The Cold War – present everywhere

Whether you lived in the former NATO or in the former Warsaw Pact – or somewhere entirely different – The Cold War affected everybody, although the war never broke out in Europe. The conflict between the East and the West shaped the society we live in today, and it is therefore a part of our common world image and history. Read more

The threat from the East

If the threat of a ground war from the East was to be spotted, observers needed to be on the look-out across the sea from Stevns. It was from the sea and from the air that the Warsaw Pact planned to land the 60,000 soldiers who were to occupy Zealand if a war broke out.

By means of its cannons and sea mines, Stevnsfort was able to block the passage of Warsaw Pact ships. In order to secure the passage from the Baltic Sea, the Warsaw Pact planned an attack against Zealand and Lolland-Falster based on the landing of a large group of soldiers in Faxe Bay.

The landing would start with vast bombings of the beaches and of Stevnsfort – possibly using combat gas or nuclear weapons. Subsequently, landing crafts, aeroplanes and helicopters would land a huge force on the beaches and in the hinterland. It was expected that in just two days, they would be able to secure all of Zealand and the smaller islands.

The Soviet, Polish and East German marines practised this operation over and over again on the beaches of East Germany – less than 100 km from Stevns. The detailed plans for the attack were written and the landing crafts and all of the military equipment were ready in Polish and East German harbours.