The Cold War

At Stevns, ships or aeroplanes from Poland and East Germany would often violate Danish airspace or territorial waters around Stevns. Similarly, Danish ships and aeroplanes went very close to Poland and East Germany. The contrasts between the East and the West were evident very close-up almost every single day. Read more

In service

Thousands of Danish men and women sat on alert every day, ready for war as a part of the military or civilian defence during The cold War. Close to one million Danish men did their military service from 1945 to 1991. Read more

The threat from the East

The Danish defence was facing the possible attack from the formidable forces of the Warsaw Pact. More than 60,000 soldiers from Poland, East Germany and the Soviet Union were ready to land in Faxe Bay. Read more

The defence of Stevns

In NATO's plans, the main battle about Denmark was to take place in Northern Germany. However, part of the army was to defend Zealand against an invasion from the East. The aim was to gain time until NATO could come to the rescue. Read more

The Cold War at Stevns

Stevns' strategically important position during The Cold War meant that a number of military facilities were constructed in the area. Read more

The Cold War – present everywhere

Whether you lived in the former NATO or in the former Warsaw Pact – or somewhere entirely different – The Cold War affected everybody, although the war never broke out in Europe. The conflict between the East and the West shaped the society we live in today, and it is therefore a part of our common world image and history. Read more

The Defence Of Denmark

Due to its strategic location at the exit from the Baltic Sea and less than 90 km from the Warsaw Pact country DDR, Stevns was on the very frontline towards the East during The Cold War, and it became an important element in Denmark's and NATO's defence towards the East.

In case war broke out, more than 3,000 soldiers would be ready at Stevns. However, although Stevns would be on the very frontline in case of a war, it was just a small part of Denmark's huge military contingency arrangements during The Cold War. And Denmark was just a small part of NATO.

After World War II, Danish officials realised that it was highly unlikely that the country could avoid being drawn into a possible war between the superpowers in the East and the West. They also realised that Denmark would not be able to counter an attack on its own. In 1949, Denmark therefore joined NATO in the hope that the alliance with the other West European countries would guarantee Denmark's safety. No NATO soldiers were based in Denmark in peacetime, but it was agreed that soldiers from Great Britain, West Germany and possibly the USA would assist during a war.

In order to be able to defend the country, Denmark established the strongest defence ever seen in the country in the course of The Cold War. Lots of resources were put into construction, purchasing and training people for the armed forces. Air-raid shelters were built for civilians, and every part of society prepared for war.

The alarm never sounded at Stevns, and not one single shot was ever fired. However, the war was always loomed close.