The Cold War

At Stevns, ships or aeroplanes from Poland and East Germany would often violate Danish airspace or territorial waters around Stevns. Similarly, Danish ships and aeroplanes went very close to Poland and East Germany. The contrasts between the East and the West were evident very close-up almost every single day. Read more

In service

Thousands of Danish men and women sat on alert every day, ready for war as a part of the military or civilian defence during The cold War. Close to one million Danish men did their military service from 1945 to 1991. Read more

The defence of Denmark

During The Cold War, the Danish armed forces faced an enormous enemy – the Warsaw Pact in the East. As a consequence, the strongest military defence in Denmark's history was established as a part of NATO. Read more

The threat from the East

The Danish defence was facing the possible attack from the formidable forces of the Warsaw Pact. More than 60,000 soldiers from Poland, East Germany and the Soviet Union were ready to land in Faxe Bay. Read more

The defence of Stevns

In NATO's plans, the main battle about Denmark was to take place in Northern Germany. However, part of the army was to defend Zealand against an invasion from the East. The aim was to gain time until NATO could come to the rescue. Read more

The Cold War – present everywhere

Whether you lived in the former NATO or in the former Warsaw Pact – or somewhere entirely different – The Cold War affected everybody, although the war never broke out in Europe. The conflict between the East and the West shaped the society we live in today, and it is therefore a part of our common world image and history. Read more

The Cold War at Stevns

Stevns' strategically important position during The Cold War meant that a number of military facilities were constructed in the area. Only a few of the facilities are still in use, and you can visit most of them:

  • Stevnsfort fortress
  • Coastal observation hut. All ships that sailed through the Oresund strait were registered from the coastal observation hut by Stevns Lighthouse. Particular attention was paid to ships from the Warsaw Pact. In operation 1960-2011.
  • HAWK battery by Stevns Lighthouse. Battery with HAWK anti-aircraft missiles. In operation 1964-2004.
  • Mandehoved NIKE site. Barracks and area for control of NIKE anti-aircraft missiles. In operation 1961-83.
  • Gydevej NIKE site. Launch area for NIKE anti-aircraft missiles. In operation 1961-83. No access!
  • The Tommestrup transmitter. Radio station for communication with NATO's ships in the Baltic Sea. In operation since 1958. No access!
  • Stevns Navy radio. Radio station for communication with the Navy's ships. In operation since 1953.