In service

Thousands of Danish men and women sat on alert every day, ready for war as a part of the military or civilian defence during The cold War. Close to one million Danish men did their military service from 1945 to 1991. Read more

The defence of Denmark

During The Cold War, the Danish armed forces faced an enormous enemy – the Warsaw Pact in the East. As a consequence, the strongest military defence in Denmark's history was established as a part of NATO. Read more

The threat from the East

The Danish defence was facing the possible attack from the formidable forces of the Warsaw Pact. More than 60,000 soldiers from Poland, East Germany and the Soviet Union were ready to land in Faxe Bay. Read more

The defence of Stevns

In NATO's plans, the main battle about Denmark was to take place in Northern Germany. However, part of the army was to defend Zealand against an invasion from the East. The aim was to gain time until NATO could come to the rescue. Read more

The Cold War at Stevns

Stevns' strategically important position during The Cold War meant that a number of military facilities were constructed in the area. Read more

The Cold War – present everywhere

Whether you lived in the former NATO or in the former Warsaw Pact – or somewhere entirely different – The Cold War affected everybody, although the war never broke out in Europe. The conflict between the East and the West shaped the society we live in today, and it is therefore a part of our common world image and history. Read more

The Cold War

The Cold War conflict between the East and the West and the two superpowers, the Soviet Union and the USA, was particularly about how the modern world was to work. This was manifested in many ways, and one of the results was an enormous military build-up, which for 40 years kept the world on the brink of a war that could exterminate all life. The constant threat of war affected everybody, and nobody could avoid considering the contrasts between the East and the West.

This was the case at Stevns in particular, as Stevns would be on the very frontline in case war broke out. The peninsula in the Oresund strait was located strategically as an advanced post between the two blocs' defence alliances – the Warsaw Pact in the East and NATO in the West. Stevns was ready for war around the clock, all year, for 40 years, and so was the Warsaw Pact – only 90 km away.

Poland and East Germany belonged to the Eastern Bloc, which was headed by the communist Soviet Union. Denmark belonged to the Western Bloc along with the USA and Great Britain, among others. This meant that Denmark and Poland and East Germany were potential enemies. Foreign aeroplanes and ships were turned away on both sides without one single shot being fired. However, The Cold War might easily have turned hot.