The Cold War

At Stevns, ships or aeroplanes from Poland and East Germany would often violate Danish airspace or territorial waters around Stevns. Similarly, Danish ships and aeroplanes went very close to Poland and East Germany. The contrasts between the East and the West were evident very close-up almost every single day. Read more

The defence of Denmark

During The Cold War, the Danish armed forces faced an enormous enemy – the Warsaw Pact in the East. As a consequence, the strongest military defence in Denmark's history was established as a part of NATO. Read more

The threat from the East

The Danish defence was facing the possible attack from the formidable forces of the Warsaw Pact. More than 60,000 soldiers from Poland, East Germany and the Soviet Union were ready to land in Faxe Bay. Read more

The defence of Stevns

In NATO's plans, the main battle about Denmark was to take place in Northern Germany. However, part of the army was to defend Zealand against an invasion from the East. The aim was to gain time until NATO could come to the rescue. Read more

The Cold War at Stevns

Stevns' strategically important position during The Cold War meant that a number of military facilities were constructed in the area. Read more

The Cold War – present everywhere

Whether you lived in the former NATO or in the former Warsaw Pact – or somewhere entirely different – The Cold War affected everybody, although the war never broke out in Europe. The conflict between the East and the West shaped the society we live in today, and it is therefore a part of our common world image and history. Read more

In Service

In March 1953, the first 200 conscripts signed in for their training at what was to become the Stevnsfort fortress within a couple of months. The new recruits came from all parts of the country and were met by a handful of officers and non-commissioned officers who were to turn them into marines who could keep guard during the construction of the new fortress.

During The Cold War, young men from across Europe and the USA had to travel to distant places once again to prepare for war. Most of the soldiers were conscripts serving 1-2 years before being demobilised. However, many chose to pursue a career in the armed forces and moved to places of duty far from home. Entire towns would develop around the large barracks, airfields and naval bases, complete with their own residential areas, schools and shops.

The first couple of hundred soldiers in Stevns in 1953 were followed by many more. During the 1960s, the six military places of duty at Stevns had a permanent staff of almost 1,000 soldiers, many of whom chose to move to Stevns with their families. In the course of The Cold War, some 20,000 men and women served at Stevns.